By Xuan Tan
People’s Daily
June 07, 2021

General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out at the Party History Study and Education Mobilization Conference that the belief in communism and the belief in socialism with Chinese characteristics is the political soul of the Communists and the spiritual pillar for the Communists to withstand any test. He emphasized the centuries of the party. The course of struggle and great achievements are the most solid foundation for us to strengthen our confidence in road, theory, system, and culture. The words of the general secretary are loud, firm and heroic, deeply revealing the inner relationship between socialism and communism, and a century of struggle and struggle, and demonstrates the perseverance and perseverance of the Chinese Communists to advance along the only correct path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Over the course of a hundred years, many people and things are still vivid, and many shouts and singing are still in my ears. After going through the wind, frost, snow and rain, and creating miracles on earth, we have the obligation to comfort the martyrs with victory: Socialism has not failed China! We have the responsibility to let history tell the future: socialism will not fail China!


The accidents of history often carry certainty. In the 1840s, ancient China was opened by the powerful ships and guns of the great powers, and China’s destiny has since entered an unprecedentedly miserable situation. In almost the same era, in Europe where capitalism was in the ascendant, Marx and Engels began their great explorations of scientific socialism and the cause of human liberation and progress.

After the Opium War, China was poor, weak, and at the mercy of others. “Forty million people shed tears, where is China in the End of the World”. This poem by Tan Sitong is full of blood and tears and hesitation. The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Reform Movement of 1898, the Boxer Movement, the Revolution of 1911… the Chinese struggled in the dark to find a way to save the nation and survive; reformism, liberalism, social Darwinism, anarchism, pragmatism… all kinds of Western theories and doctrines have been Introduce as a prescription to strengthen the country and enrich the people. I have tried every plan, but they have repeatedly come to nothing. Every road was explored, but he was battered. “Countless heads and blood, poorly bought fake republics.” Great powers were rampant, warlords fought, and the people were in dire straits. The First World War pierced the seemingly beautiful illusion of capitalist civilization. Countless people with lofty ideals use their lives and souls to ask questions again and again: Where is the way out for China? Where is the hope of the nation?

The blast of the October Revolution brought Marxism-Leninism to China. This is a great historical agreement, this is a solemn historical promise! The shackles of feudal society for thousands of years are too tight, and the old cannot be replaced without a thorough social transformation. The oppression imposed by imperialism on the Chinese is too heavy, and it cannot be resisted without the mighty power of mobilizing tens of thousands of toiling people.

Li Dazhao praised: “The alarm bell of humanity is ringing! The dawn of freedom is here! Try to see the future of the world, it must be the world of red flag!” Chen Duxiu declared: “The political revolution in France in the eighteenth century, and the social revolution in Russia in the twentieth century. People are all swearing at them; but later historians will regard them as the key to the change and evolution of human society.” The young Mao Zedong exclaimed: “The time has come! The tide of the world is getting more urgent! Dongting The gate of the lake moved and opened! The mighty new thoughts have surged on both sides of the Xiangjiang River!”

In 1920, when it was warm and cold, the 29-year-old Chen Wangdao spent two months in the firewood room in his hometown of Yiwu, Zhejiang, and forgot to eat and sleep for two months. For the first time, he translated the “Communist Manifesto” completely, and the first 1,000 copies were sold out immediately. By 1926, it was reprinted and republished 17 times. The advanced and unyielding Chinese have chosen Marxism as the way to save the country and the people after repeated comparisons and repetitions, as their unswerving ambition.

In July 1921, the Communist Party of China, a political party with Marxism as its guiding ideology and communism as its goal, was born, with faith, entrustment and dreams in mind, resolutely in the rising sun of Shanghai Shikumen and the blue waves of Nanhu Lake in Jiaxing set sail. Since then, the fire of socialism has been ignited in the East, and China, once troubled and hopeless, has a direction!


After the failure of the Great Revolution, the Communist Party member Xia Minghan was arrested in Hankou and wrote a farewell to his wife before his heroic death: “Tossing his head and shed blood, Minghan has long been taken care of. Everyone needs what he needs, and the revolutionary cause will be passed on from generation to generation. Hong Zhu Keep the thoughts of each other, and the red cloud hopes for perfection. Persevere in the revolution and follow my will and vowed to pass on the truth to the world.” In those stormy years, like Xia Minghan, he did not regret nine deaths for his communist belief and firmly believed in the revolutionary ideals. There are more than tens of thousands of martyrs who have realized it. Once they recognized their beliefs and doctrines, they never hesitated or wavered, and did not hesitate to water the “communist blossoms” with youth and blood.

This belief and doctrine is shining with the light of ideals. The “Communist Manifesto” described: “Instead of the old bourgeois society where there are classes and class antagonisms, there will be such a union, where the free development of everyone is the condition for the free development of all people.” In the new world, the value of human beings comes first. There is no exploitation or oppression, labor is glorious, labor is supreme, everyone is equal and prosperous, and close to each other… This is a new world that transcends the capitalist world, and it is also the Chinese nation since ancient times. The longing for “Great Harmony in the World” has attracted countless advanced elements who are excited, fascinated, and practiced.

This belief and doctrine reveals the law of social development and evolution. The general trend of the world is huge, and those who follow it will survive, and those who go against it will perish. The Communist Party of China is the vanguard of the working class, represents the direction of advanced productive forces, and represents the trend of historical progress. Armed with scientific theories and mastering the laws of social development, the party has the consciousness to lead social changes and advance the cause of justice, and it has the power to be invincible and indomitable.

This belief and doctrine guide the revolution to victory. The Chinese Communists, with Mao Zedong as the main representative, used Marxist standpoints and methods to analyze China’s national conditions and solve China’s problems. They clearly stated that the task of the Chinese revolution is to overthrow the oppression of the “three mountains” of imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucratic capitalism. China The road of the revolution is to encircle the cities from the countryside and seize power by armed force. The power of the Chinese revolution is the working class, the peasantry, the petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie under certain conditions. The proletariat is the leading force and the people are the true heroes. The Chinese revolution must It is divided into two stages: the democratic revolution and the socialist revolution… These scientific understandings are shining with the brilliance of Marxist truth everywhere, leading the Chinese revolution to surging forward.

The revolutionary ideal is higher than the sky. It was under the torch of ideals and beliefs that our party mobilized the masses of workers and peasants, dared to make surprise charges, and successfully advanced the Northern Expedition; it was under the torch of ideals and beliefs that the surviving Communists buried the bodies of their companions slaughtered by the reactionaries and took them. Raising weapons, walking into the mountains and forests, and embarking on new battles; it was under the torch of ideals and beliefs that the Red Army soldiers rushed through the natural dangers, fought strong enemies, climbed the snowy mountains, and crossed the grass. “The harder the bones of the wind and rain, the stronger the ambition of wild vegetables to satisfy their hunger.” , Completed the 25,000-mile long march that shines through the annals of human history; it was under the torch of ideals and beliefs that the party and the people used perseverance and bloody battle to the end, wrote the national song of resisting Japanese militarism, and achieved resistance to foreign aggression. Victory in the end; it was precisely under the torch of ideals and beliefs that the heroic People’s Liberation Army defeated the Kuomintang reactionary forces of 8 million in only three years, demonstrating what is meant by “if the sky is sentimental, the sky is also old, and the righteous world is the vicissitudes of life.”

“Critical weapons can’t replace the criticism of weapons. Material power can only be destroyed by material power.” 28 years of bloody battle and 28 years of hard work, our country has changed from a bullying “sick man in East Asia” to an admiration for the world. In the “Oriental Lion Awakening”, our people have changed from being slaves to cattle and horses to masters with high spirits. The victory of the Chinese revolution is the great practice of the Chinese Communists in using Marxism to save China, and the great course of scientific truth showing its strength!


On June 30, 1949, Mao Zedong published “On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship” and stated that we must pass through the People’s Republic, from an agricultural country to an industrial country, and from a new democratic society to a socialist society and a communist society. The founding of the People’s Republic of China is the historical result of combining the principles of scientific socialism with the reality of the Chinese revolution. It also marked the development and growth of the cause of human progress and the forces of socialism, and ushered in the great era of socialism in the East of the world.

This is an era of innovating and changing the world. In the face of many difficulties and tests, the Chinese Communist Party led the people to quickly heal the wounds of war and restore the national economy, and realized the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicrafts, and capitalist industry and commerce in a unique form in China, and creatively completed the transition from the new democratic revolution. The transformation of the socialist revolution successfully achieved the most profound and greatest social transformation in Chinese history. The vigorous land reform enabled more than 300 million peasants to obtain 700 million mu of land and production materials free of charge; the 1954 Constitution fixed the principles of people’s democracy and socialism in the form of a fundamental law; the People’s Congress system and the leadership of the Communist Party of China The system of party cooperation and political consultation, and the system of regional ethnic autonomy have built the “four beams and eight pillars” of the socialist system…In this ancient and youthful country, the Chinese people are building towering socialist buildings and savoring the taste of a happy life.

This is an era of vigor and passion. “Every second is working to create a socialist society.” The Chengdu-Chongqing Railway, planned in the late Qing Dynasty, was still a dotted line on the map for more than 40 years before the founding of New China. After the official start in 1950, it took only two years to complete the line; 156 key projects and 694 construction projects during the “First Five-Year Plan” period The completion has laid a solid foundation for socialist industrialization; the treatment of the Huai River and the Yellow River and the Yangtze River have achieved significant results, and the construction of farmland water conservancy has been spreading nationwide; the national urban and rural health care network has basically formed, smallpox, cholera, schistosomiasis, malaria, plague, etc. Diseases may be eradicated or effectively prevented… The new people’s regime has awakened tremendous productivity, and the new socialist system has activated the people’s energy and promoted the people’s well-being.

This is an era of heroes and high morale. For peace, Volunteer soldiers went abroad to fight and wrote a majestic epic with “less steel, more gas” and “more steel and less gas”; to remove the “poor oil and less oil” hat, “Iron Man” Wang Jinxi led the drilling team to fight against the sky. I would rather live less than 20 years, and desperately want to win big oil fields”; in order to change the face of poverty and backwardness, Jiao Yulu, the role model of the county party committee secretary, led the people of Lankao to rectify the “three evils”. To lay a solid foundation for the country’s self-reliance, Qian Xuesen, Qian Sanqiang, Deng Jiaxian and a large number of scientific researchers sprinkled their sweat and blood on the vast Gobi, creating the miracle of “two bombs and one star”… There are countless named heroes and no one. The hero who left his name, with flesh and blood and strong arms, shoulders the responsibility of the nation and the glory of the Republic.

“The roads and blue strands lead to mountains and forests.” Building socialism in a large eastern country with a relatively backward economy and culture and a large population is like climbing an unreached mountain. There are no straight roads to walk and no ready-made paths to follow. We rely on the power of “the people to create history” and the advantage of “concentrating our strength to do great things” to create one after another miracle that can be recorded in the history of the Chinese nation and humanity. With the spirit of “revolution and desperation”, with the courage of “ten thousand years too long, fighting for the day and night”, we painted the most beautiful picture of socialist new China on a land of more than 9.6 million square kilometers. We have also suffered serious setbacks like the “Cultural Revolution” on the road of exploration and exploration. The painful lessons are worth learning forever.

Whether it is flat or rugged, whether it is sunshine or wind or rain, the party leads the people in exploring the path of socialism. History has proven: “Not only are we good at destroying an old world, we will also be good at building a new world”!


“What is socialism? How to build socialism?” The Chinese Communists have never stopped answering this historical question that echoes over China. From profoundly revealing the “ten major relationships” between socialist construction and socialist transformation, to promptly making the important conclusion that the main social contradiction in our country has been transformed into “the contradiction between the advanced socialist system and the backward social productive forces”, to the clear presentation To correctly handle the contradictions among the people is precious exploration and difficult progress.

The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party was a great turning point in the history of the Party and the history of New China. Stop using “class struggle as the key link”, shift the focus of the work of the whole party to socialist modernization, and re-establish the ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts…In order to build socialism, the Chinese Communist Party leads the people to promote a great new revolution. Started the great voyage of reform and opening up.

Poverty is not socialism! Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “The essence of socialism is to liberate the productive forces, develop productive forces, eliminate exploitation, eliminate polarization, and ultimately achieve common prosperity.” In order to adapt production relations to the development of productive forces, the household contract responsibility system with joint output has been widely implemented, and special economic zones have been implemented first. In the first test, township and village enterprises have sprung up, reforms in the scientific and technological system are intensified, the pattern of opening to the outside world has been accelerated, and the vitality and creativity hidden in the broad masses of people are fully bursting out.

Take your own path and build socialism with Chinese characteristics! We are deeply aware that our country is and will be in the primary stage of socialism for a long time. We propose the party’s basic line in the primary stage of socialism, actively develop a basic economic system with public ownership as the mainstay and the common development of multiple ownership economies, and constantly improve the socialist market economic system. , Put forward the goal of a well-off society and a step-by-step strategy of modernization, and created and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Adhere to the socialist direction of reform and opening up! Adhere to reform and opening up and adhere to the four basic principles. These two basic points are closely linked and cannot be partial or neglected. We adhere to the socialist material civilization and spiritual civilization “to grasp both hands and both hands must be hard”, firmly promote the new great project of party building, comprehensively promote the construction of socialist economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological civilization with Chinese characteristics, and let the people Share the fruits of reform and development and put realistic wings on the ideals of socialism.

Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China’s economic aggregate has surpassed Italy, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Japan, ranking second in the world; China’s people’s living standards have continued to improve and have entered the ranks of middle- and high-income countries; , Dense railways, west-to-east gas transmission, south-to-north water transfer, towering dams, towering bridges, and the transformation of the sky; China also defeated historically rare major natural disasters such as floods, rain, snow and freezing, earthquakes, and major epidemics such as SARS, and withstood Asia The financial crisis and the international financial crisis have been severely tested, and they have become more calm and upright after the storm.

Advance by grasping the logic of historical advancement, and develop in conformity with the trend of the development of the times. The surging great practice of the turbulent land of China shows that only socialism can develop China, and only reform and opening up can make China catch up with the times in great strides and let the people live a happy life. The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is getting wider and wider!


The majestic and majestic cause of socialism has condensed the arduousness and dedication of generations of Communists, and it carries the sustenance and aspirations of many sages and heroes. When the baton of history was passed on again, General Secretary Xi Jinping’s words were sonorous: The task of our generation of Communists is to continue to write down the great essay of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics!

The 19th National Congress of the Party solemnly declared to the entire party, the country and the world: “After long-term efforts, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. This is a new historical direction for my country’s development.”

In the new era of China, the ideal banner is bright and high. In the face of the world without major changes in a century, General Secretary Xi Jinping led the entire party and the people to take the overall situation, respond to the situation, and initiate new situations. The party and the country have made historic achievements and realized historic changes. The Chinese nation is more than ever before in history. Close to the great goal of national rejuvenation. The Chinese people’s belief in Marxism and communism has become stronger, their belief in socialism with Chinese characteristics has become stronger, and their confidence in realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has never been higher.

In the new era, China has a strong and strong driving force for development. From the comprehensive and deepening reforms of the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee, to comprehensively governing the country according to law and building a well-off society in an all-round way, to comprehensively administering the party strictly and promoting social revolution through the party’s self-revolution, from adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, to Based on the new development stage, implementing new development concepts, building a new development pattern, promoting high-quality development, and building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, the strategic layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics is becoming more and more perfect, and the direction and goals of modernization are becoming more clear.

In China in the new era, the status of the people is fully demonstrated. “The country is the people, and the people are the country”, the echo of the original intention travels through time and space. “The people’s yearning for a better life is our goal”, the sonorous declaration hardened the iron into a nail. In order to realize the millennium long-cherished wish of the Chinese people to get rid of poverty, the party led the people to fight poverty. The broad masses of cadres and the masses in poverty-stricken areas worked tenaciously. The first secretary and cadres in the villages devoted all their efforts to the precise alignment of cooperation between the east and the west. With efforts, families of poor folks feel the warmth of the big socialist family, and the silent mountains are full of vitality and hope.

In the new era of China, the strength of unity has never been ahead. Faced with the peak of technology, we never back down. Chang’e flew into the sky, the dragon enters the sea, sky-eye gazing, and the Beidou network. Not long ago, the “Zhurong” rover successfully landed on Mars after a 295-day journey. In the face of bullying and suppression, we have never succumbed. The whole party and the whole country have the courage to fight and win, to gather strength and twist into a rope. The unprecedented new crown pneumonia epidemic has closely linked the destiny of each of us with the destiny of the country and the collective. 1.4 billion Chinese people are connected with their hearts, guarding their homes and protecting the country, creating a great miracle in the history of human anti-epidemic struggle…Socialism The advantages of the system have been greatly demonstrated.

There is righteousness in the heaven and the earth, and Cang Ming is awe-inspiring. If socialism, as the just cause of mankind and the pursuit of lofty values, endows the new era with the most distinctive background and the heaviest confidence; then, with its most magnificent practice, the new era has endowed scientific socialism with newness. Ideological dimension, a new historical height.

In April 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping made a special trip to Quanzhou, Guangxi to pay homage to the Red Army’s Long March Xiangjiang Battle Memorial Park. He said emotionally that once the fire of ideals and belief is ignited, great spiritual power will be produced. We must cherish the memory of revolutionary martyrs and continue the Communist Party. People’s spiritual blood, firm ideals and beliefs, and forge revolutionary will.

Looking back at 87 years ago, on the Long March road and on the banks of the Xiangjiang River, countless Red Army soldiers fought fiercely to preserve the fire of the revolution. They dyed the long journey and rolled the river with blood. These fighters, who are mostly in their twenties, or even fifteen or sixteen, are optimistic and tenacious because they have the belief in the victory of the revolution and their longing for a better society of socialism and communism. This is the eternal gene of a party, and the code of a nation’s prosperity from decline.

Today, we can comfort all the ancestors and heroes of the century: at this moment, the sun of socialism is shining in the shadows of the strugglers and the smiling faces of children, and the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is leading the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. An unprecedented bright prospect. We will surely create even greater miracles that will admire the world, and will surely realize the most lofty and great ideals of the Communists!  (Translated by Google Translate)

Category : Capitalism / China / Socialism

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